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last update Saturday, 17-Jul-2021 07:20:53 PDT

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McLean Research Associates is dedicated to presenting little known facts about the US Navy in the Civil War, presentations on a myriad of astronomical topics,STEM workshops, and letterboxing.


In commemoration of the 160 years since the Civil War - or more appropriately in the vernacular of the day - The War of the Slaveholders' Rebellion - we are featuring a quote and picture of the day from the Naval Records


Period Picture
LT George B Livingston, USN
Fri Mar 04 1864

Master William B Newman, XO USS Southfield, writes LT Charles A French, CO, USS Southfield "Below please find report of ammunition expended in action, shelling the enemy's batteries at Petty Shore, on the Chowan River, on the 1st and 2d instant:

>26 shell, TX-inch, 5 seconds.
33 shell, TX-inch, 10 seconds.
14 shell, TX-inch, 15 seconds.
3 shrapnel, TX-inch, 5 seconds.
2 shrapnel, TX-inch, 10 seconds.
1 solid shot, 100-pounder rifle.
1 shell, 12-pounder howitzer.
791 pounds service powder.
Total number of rounds, 80.
"

LT William W Kennison, USS South Carolina, writes RADM Jonathan Dahlgren, South Atlantic Blockading Squadron " I very respectfully report that the schooner Marthie or Mattie, from Nassau, [New Providence], with part cargo of alcohol, whisky, and coffee, ran on shore on south end of Tybee Island on the night of March 3, 1864.
    She went on shore near a picket station of the Third Regiment Rhode Island Heavy Artillery, and at daylight was taken possession of by Captain D. B. Churchill, commanding United States forces on Tybee Island, who took the crew prisoners and reported to Major James P. Bailey, commanding United States forces at Fort Pulaski.
    As soon as I received information of the occurrence, I proceeded some 3 miles down the beach to where the schooner lay high on the beach, and nearly dry at high water. The rudder was gone and the vessel badly strained. I met Major Bailey, Captain Churchill, and other officers of the Army on board the schooner. I laid claim to the vessel in behalf of the Navy. Major Bailey replied that he had telegraphed to Hilton Head, and until he heard to the contrary from there he should keep possession. I then advised that the vessel be discharged, and offered to assist him with a large force of my men that were then coming down the beach, which offer was declined by the major, he saying that he had men enough. The major said that the vessel should be discharged this night at low water, and the cargo transported to the Martello tower, there to await orders.
    Under the circumstances, I left the vessel, and returning up the beach, met my men, ordered them to return on board this vessel.
    After my arrival on board, telegraphed to Commander W. Reynolds, commanding U. S. naval depot at Port Royal, for instructions, which dispatch I sent to Fort Pulaski by an officer, with a request to the commanding officer to forward it.
    At 9:30 p. m. officer returned from the fort, and stated that the dispatch would be sent as soon as the battery would work, as it was then out of order.
    My pilot says that we can not get near enough to the vessel to be of any service, as we draw too much water. It is very shoal a long way out, as I saw for myself while down there.
    The charts, with clothing of prisoners, were taken to Fort Pulaski by Major Bailey.
    No ships papers of any kind were found on board, they having been burned by the crew."

RADM David Glasgow Farragut, West Gulf Blockading Squadron, writes CAPT J B Marchand, USS Lackawanna " After taking in coal at Pensacola proceed with your vessel off Galveston, and should the medical survey decide that it is necessary for Captain Gillis to go North, relieve him in the command of the division of the West Gulf Squadron off the coast of Texas.
    Give Captain Gillis the accompanying dispatch and order for a medical survey, after having filled up the latter with the names of the three oldest surgeons within reach."

RADM David D Porter, Mississippi Squadron, writes LCDR James A Greer, 4th District, Mississippi Squadron from Red River "You will say to the commanders of all vessels coming down to join me to be at this point by the 8th of this month."

Teachers and Educators - we have several Civil War presentations covering the US Navy throughout the Civil War which include our portable museum, Submarines, and key naval and land battles. Check out our Civil War section for more details. We also have several presentations on astronomy for all age groups




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